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Abstract

EVALUATION OF QUANTITATIVE ELEMENTAL COMPOSITIONS AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIALS OF SPONDIAS MOMBIN EXTRACTS (LINN), A PRECURSOR AGAINST INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Oludare Temitope Osuntokun*, Baraldi Cecilia, Gamberini Maria Cristina

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research work is to investigate the elemental composition and antioxidant potentials of Spondias mombin (leaf, root and stem bark) at concentration of 10, 20 and 5mg/ml. using different conventional laboratory methods, also to determine the antioxidant potentials of Spondias mombin. The element present are Sodium (Na), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe), Lead (Pb), Copper(Cu), Manganese (Mn), Potasium (K) and Phosphorus (P).it was observed that all elements were present at appreciable quantity. It was observed that the highest and lowest quantity were found in Zinc (20.34) and Cu (1.22) for the leaf extract, Potasium (24.98) and (2.14) for stem bark, Calcium (29.35) and Pb (2.91) for the root extract. Pb has minimal quantity in all parts of Spondias mombin extract. P value< 0.0001, Significantly different standard deviations (P < 0.05).The antioxidant composition are FRAP, DPPH, Fe2+,ABTS, H2O2 and superoxide. The percentage composition of FRAP, DPPH, Fe2+,ABTS, SO and H2O2, superoxide phenol and flavonoid were elucidated, it was observed that ABTS has the highest composition in the stem bark and superoxide (SO) has the lowest content in the aqueous root extract of Spondias mombin.it can be deduced that Spondias mombin is a very important medicinal plant which should not go into extinction, its uses, efficacy and importance should not be over emphasis for the fact that it is rich in both elemental and antioxidants potential, therefore, its cultivation and day to day usage of Spondias mombin should be therefore be encouraged.

Keywords: Quantitative Elemental Compositions, Antioxidant Potentials, Spondias mombin.


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