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Musbah Ashmmam* and Mohammed Rhab


The Temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD). It is characterised by chronic facial pain and tenderness over one or both TMJs and associated muscles, often with limitation of jaw opening. TMJ dysfunction is associated with substantial morbidity and affects individual work productivity and quality of life. The aim of this study is to assess the different symptoms and its treatment in cases attended at Al-khoms teaching hospital, Libya. This Study was carried out in Al-khoms teaching Hospital during the period between 2016 and 2017. This study sample consists of 64 cases (39 male and 25 Female cases). TMJ dysfunction was diagnosed with detailed history andcareful clinical examination, imaging studies of the teeth and jaws. Treatment was decided in accordance with the nature of the TMJ dysfunction. Result conclude this research with male cases were more than the female cases. Severity prevalence is around 6%. TMJD’s pain was observed more by Head ache, followed by mouth opening difficulty and Ear ache. Medication, Oral Splint usage and physiotherapy gave better treatment result for the mild and moderate cases. Surgery was undergone for the severe cases only.

Keywords: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

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