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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC COMPLICATIONS AND OTHER COMORBIDITIES AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS.

Simi Joju K.*, S. Thangamani and A. P. Radhakrishnan

ABSTRACT

Background: According to the ICMR – INDIAB study, there are 62.4 million people living with diabetes in India. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a progressive disease and hampers the quality of life of the patients due to micro and macrovascular complications. The aim of this study was to systematically identify and reporting the prevalence of diabetic vascular complications and risk factors affect on these complications among diabetic patients in Palakkad. Methods: A prospective study was conducted for study period of six months (December 2016 to May 2017) among 308 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Karuna Medical College and Hospital, Diabetic centre, Quality clinic-Palakkad. All patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, age range 29 to 89years, were screened for diabetic vascular complications. Results: The majority of patients 167 (54.2%) did not achieve target of HbA1c levels ≤ 7.0%. In this study most of the diabetic patients 56(18.18%) had macrovascular complications and out of those 37 (12.01%) had coronary heart disease, only 19 (6.16%) had cerebrovascular disease and 259 (84.09%) had microvascular complications. Conclusion: In conclusion, prevalence of diabetic complications was high. In this study we saw the prevalence of diabetic complications was higher in elder people, longer duration of diabetes associated obese patients.

Keywords: T2DM-Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Diabetic complications, HbA1c-Glycated Haemoglobin.


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