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Abstract

THE EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTIC USED IN URINARY TRACT INFECTION INPATIENTS AT HOSPITAL “X” JAKARTA

Shirly Kumala*, Sesilia Andriani Keban and Friskha Lita Aprinda

ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection is a disease caused by a proliferation of microorganisms in the urinary tract, which in normal circumstances the urine does not contain bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms. The use of antibiotics in patients with UTIs can lead to antibiotic resistance and potential harm to patients that need to be evaluated appropriate use of antibiotics. This study aims to determine the appropriate use of antibiotics in UTI patients in hospital based on the treatment standards at Hospital “X”. This was a descriptive study which was conducted retrospectively with data sources derived from medical records and the patients laboratory examination results. The inclusion criteria of the samples used in this study were all UTI patients, with/without accompanying disease, treated as inpatients at Internal Disease Department Hospital “X” Jakarta during period of January to December 2012. As many as 130 patients were obtained using total sampling technique. The results showed that 79.2% patients were women and 80% of these patients were in the productive age 21 – 40 years. The use of antibiotics were evaluated based on Gyssens criteria presented that there were 6.5% patients in category VI, 0.6% in category V, 1.9% in category IVc, 1.2% in category IVb, 43% in category IVa, 38% in category IIIb, 4.5% in category IIIa, 1.9% in category IIb, 0.6% in category IIa, and only 0.6% in category I (appropriate). Therefore it can be concluded that the treatment of UTI in Hospital “X” were still inappropriate.

Keywords: .


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