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Abstract

A STUDY ON DRUG USE PATTERN AND COST IMPACT OF ANTIDIABETIC DRUGS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN A SECONDARY CARE HOSPITAL

Sarumathy S*, Ravichandiran V, Mohammed Sulaiman Sait J, Manjula Devi K

ABSTRACT

In this prospective observational study, a total number of 77 diabetes inpatients were selected in a secondary care hospital. The demographic details, disease and treatment data from the patient case sheets were collected in a separate proforma, updated timely and analyzed. The prescribing pattern of antidiabetic drugs and the mean prescription cost were determined. Higher percentage of male patients was affected with diabetes when compared to the female patients. Age group of 50-59 years had a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Hypertension with diabetes was the predominating co morbidity condition. By analyzing the prescriptions 64.65% of drugs were prescribed in generic. 46% of the drugs were prescribed from WHO essential drug list. Premixed insulin mixtures were the highest prescribed medication. Polypharmacy was seen in more number of prescriptions. The average prescription cost was found to be lesser for treating diabetes (hypoglycemic) alone compared to diabetes associated complaints.

Keywords: Diabetes, Polypharmacy, Hypertension, Mean Prescription Cost.


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