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Abstract

URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN FEMALE IN KIRKUK, IRAQ: RISK FACTORS

Abdulghani Mohamed Alsamarai* and Shler Ali

ABSTRACT

Background: Urinary tract infection [UTI] is one of the common infections in women. Once the women experienced UTI there is high possibility of recurrence and this contribute to bad effect on quality of life. Aim: to determine the risk factors for urinary tract infection in women and their predictivity. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study conducted during the period from 1st of June 2015 to the end of January 2016. The population included in the study are 563 women, of them 425 were outpatients, and 138 were inpatients. Their age range between 18 and 80 years, with a mean age of 33.59±15.29 years. The study proposal was approved by the Ethical Committee of College of Science, Tikrit University and verbal informed consent taken from each woman before enrolment in the study. Results: There was a significant difference in culture positivity in relation to age groups. The higher culture positive rate [13%] was in the age group of 21-25 years. The higher isolation rate was for E. coli in all age groups with the exception of 41-45 years in which the high isolation rate was Klebsiella. Culture positivity was significantly influenced by marital status, child number, delivery methods, operation history, education level, economic status; however, hospital setting was not with significance on culture positivity rate. Conclusion: urinary tract infection was significantly influenced by marital status, child number, delivery methods, operation history, education level, economic status, age group and BMI. In addition, pyuria is a simple, cost effective, non-invasive test which may be used in diagnosis of UTI.

Keywords: delivery methods, operation history, education level, economic status, age group and BMI. In addition, pyuria is a simple, cost effective, non-invasive test.


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