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Abstract

GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY (GC-MS) ANALYSIS OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF BARLERIA LONGIFLORA L.f

A. Baskaran*, V. Karthikeyan and C. Sebastian Rajasekaran

ABSTRACT

Barleria longiflora L.f (Acanthaceae) commonly known as Kattukanakambaram. It is used as one of the most important drugs in traditional system of medicine. The GC-MS analyses showed that the presence of Twenty three different phytocompounds in ethanolic extract of leaf of B. longiflora. The highest peak area of 36.13% for 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid,(z,z,z)- was identified in leaf of B.longiflora. The ethanolic stem extract of B. longiflora showed that the presence of sixteen different phytocompounds. The highest peak area of 44.94% for Squalene. The root extract of B. longiflora showed that the presence of Twenty five different bioactive compounds. The root of B. longiflora showed β-Sitosterol with the highest peak area of 30.87%. The present study confirmed that the presence of active compounds in different parts of B. longiflora. In future, the isolation of above mentioned bioactive compounds from the different part of B. longiflora would be useful to find out the novel drugs.

Keywords: Phytocompounds; ethanolic extract; Barleria longiflora; leaf; stem; root.


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