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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AMONG OBESE WOMEN ACCORDING TO THEIR TYPE OF FAT DISTRIBUTION YAOUNDE –CAMEROON

Damaris Enyegue Mandob* and Mbassi Eyebe Josepha Laure

ABSTRACT

Objective: Metabolic Syndrome is common among obese individuals. This study aimed to evaluate metabolic syndrome prevalence among obese women according to their upper (android) or lower (gynoid) type of fat deposition. Methods: The study was conducted on five hundred and twenty six women aged between18-60 years who were referred to the Andre Fouda Medical Fundation in Yaounde during multiple chronic diseases screening camps from march 2013 to march 2015. Fat distribution was done according to waist to hip ratio and Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using Adult Treatment Panel-III (ATP-III) 2001 guidelines. Results: The result showed that mean of age, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in women with upper fat distribution while high density lipoprotein cholesterol and hip circumference was significantly lower comparatively to women (P<0.05) with lower fat distribution. The most frequent individual’s components of metabolic syndrome were respectively high waist circumference, low high density lipoproteincholesterol levels and high blood pressure in the two group of women. Metabolic Syndrome was found in (50.19%) women with upper fat distribution and 29.36% in women with lower type of fat distribution. Conclusion: Women with android fat deposition were more prone to metabolic syndrome than women with gynoid fat deposition

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Individual Components, Obesity, Upper fat distribution, Lower fat distribution, Women, Yaounde-Cameroon.


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