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Abstract

PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL IN CHITWAN DISTRICT IN NEPAL

Kailash Thapaliya*, Shakti Shrestha, Sheela Bhattarai, Damodar Basnet, Ram Kishor Chaudhary

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics are one of the most widely prescribed drugs among pediatric patients. To prevent antimicrobial resistance, antibiotics must be prescribed rationally. The main objective of our study is to determine trend or prescribing pattern of antibiotics in hospitalized pediatric patients in Niko Children Hospital and Research Center, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal. A retrospective study of 6 months duration was undertaken from February to July 2015. A total number of 160 patients case sheets were utilized for our study. Patients with history of various infections and undergone antibiotic therapy were included in our study. The data were analysed by using IBM SPSS version 20. The mean age of pediatric patient was 2.83 years. The average number of antibiotic per patient was 1.86. The most prevalent disease was pneumonia, followed by gastroenteritis. Cephalosporins group of drugs like ceftriaxone and cefotaxime were the most frequently prescribed antibiotics. Combination of Ceftriaxone and tazobactum were widely prescribed combinations, however, ceftriaxone and amikacin were most commonly used combination of antibiotics from different categories.

Keywords: Pediatric, antibiotics, rational, prescription pattern, inpatient.


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