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Abstract

INVESTIGATION OF THE RATIONAL MEDICINES USE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN SUDAN HOSPITAL

Chahinez Houacine*, Iftikhar Khan, Sakib salim, Shilpa Pawar, Nazim Houacine, Abdalla Omer Elkhawad

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate the prescription rationality and to investigate the Rational Drug Use in Health care facility (Hospital) among pregnant women. Methodology: This was a cross sectional retrospective study based on outpatient departments involving visits to the hospital and collecting data from the patient’s records. The study was carried out in the period from January 2012 through June 2012. Data were collected from the patient treatment records. The collected data were entered and processed by the help of the Statistical Package for Social Science and the Results were expressed in percentage and Microsoft Office Excel 2010 was used to interpret the collected data into charts and tables using its powerful formulas and graphs. Results: Using World Health Organization standard indicators of rational drug use with a low rate of prescribing drugs by generic name (48.67%), and an average of medicines per encounter of (4.15%). The proportion of prescriptions for antibiotics was (72.5%), for injectable drugs (77.5%). A high percentage of drugs were prescribed from essential drugs list was available in (61.44%) of encounters. Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicate that the average number of drug per prescription was significantly higher than recommended by World Health Organization. The drugs prescribed in the generic names were remarkably lower. Majority of the prescribed drugs were not in accordance with the World Health Organization model of essential list. This study confirmed the observations of inappropriate prescribing and showed that the health care systems need to be up graded.

Keywords: Rational use, Essential medicine list, Pregnant women.


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