Photo Gallery

Login

Search

News & Updation

  • Updated Version
  • WJPPS introducing updated version of OSTS (online submission and tracking system), which have dedicated control panel for both author and reviewer. Using this control panel author can submit manuscript
  • Call for Paper
    • WJPPS  Invited to submit your valuable manuscripts for Coming Issue.
  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.
  •  
  • WJPPS Impact Factor
  • Its our Pleasure to Inform you that WJPPS Impact Factor has been increased from  7.454 to 7.632  due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • ICV
  • WJPPS Rank with Index Copernicus Value 84.65 due to high reputation at International Level

  • WJPPS OCTOBER ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • OCTOBER 2020 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 October 2020.

Abstract

RAPE, CARNAL ABUSE AND MARRIAGE IN JAMAICA, 1970-2013: IS THERE NON-CONSENSUAL SEX IN MARRIAGE?

Paul Andrew Bourne*, Angela Hudson-Davis, Charlene Sharpe- Pryce, Ikhalfani Solan, Shirley Nelson, Lecia Smith, Monette George, Louise Brown, Conroy Julian, Cynthia Francis

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rape and carnal abuse are heinous crimes that are committed against people and have dual effects that are both short-term and long-term. Little attention is placed on the psychosocial effect of rape in Jamaica, especially with regards to marital sexual violence. When rapes are committed among married people, the law appears to be more sympathetic towards the husbands, with little value placed on the long-term effect on the wife and the children. The traditional perspective that a husband could not rape his wife is gradually fading; but inspite of this fact the issue has never been empirically examined from a public health context in Jamaica. Objectives: This study 1) evaluates the rape and/or carnal abuse (i.e. sexual violence) phenomenon in Jamaica, 2) determines the existing relationship, if any, between rape and carnal abuse and marriage and 3) prescribes solutions on the matter because of the empirical findings of the current work. Materials and methods: The data for this study were taken from various Jamaica Government Publications including the Demographic Statistics, which provided data on absolute number of marriage, and population. Statistical Department of the Jamaica Police Force as well as the Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica provided the data on rape and carnal abuse. The period for this work is from 1970 through to 2013. Findings: On average, in 1970, 1.5 people were raped and carnally abused daily and this rose to 2.4 daily in the 1980s, 3.7 daily in 1990 and 3.2 daily in 2000s. Rape and carnal abuse nearly doubled (i.e., 1.7 daily) over the four decade period (1970-1979 to 2000-2009). Comparatively, the marriage rate per 10,000 mid-year population was doubled (i.e., 1.9 daily) during the last four decades. A quadratic function best explains the relationship between rape and carnal abuse rates and marriage rates. Conclusion: Despite the objections to evolved psychological adaptation of rape, it adds an explanation of husbands raping their wives, non-consensual sex and sexual activities outside of the marriage.

Keywords: Carnal abuse, child sexual abuse, marital rape, incest, intimate partner violence, marriage, rape, sexual abuse.


[Full Text Article]

Call for Paper

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (WJPPS)
Read More

Online Submission

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (WJPPS)
Read More

Email & SMS Alert

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (WJPPS)
Read More