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Abstract

HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ROOTS OF ANDROGRAPHIS SERPYLLIFOLIA AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY IN RATS

K. Ravi Shankar1*, A. Lakshmana Rao2, L. Kalyani2

1Sri Sai Aditya Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Surampalem, A.P., India.
2V. V. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gudlavalleru, A.P., India.

ABSTRACT

The hepatoprotective activity of ethanolic extract of roots of Andrographis serpyllifolia was evaluated by carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in rats. The toxicant CCl4 was used to induce hepatotoxicity at a dose of 2 ml/kg as 1:1 mixture with olive oil. The ethanolic extract of roots of Andrographis serpyllifolia was administered in the dose of 150 and 300 mg/kg/day orally for 5 days. Silymarin (50 mg/kg) was used as standard drug. The hepatoprotective effect of the ethanolic extract was evaluated by the assessment of biochemical parameters such as AST, ALT, ALP, SGOT, SGPT, TB and histopathological studies of the liver. Treatment of animals with the ethanolic extract significantly reduced the liver damage and the symptoms of liver injury by restoration of architecture of liver as indicated by lower levels of serum bilirubin as compared with the normal and silymarin treated groups.

Keywords: Andrographis serpyllifolia, Hepatoprotective activity, Carbon tetrachloride, Silymarin.


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