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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AMONG NORMAL WEIGHT CAMEROONIANS

*Damaris Enyegue Mandob, Réné Samuel Minka, Jean Marcel Solle Sah

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome is the co-occurence of several factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, obesity and glucose intolerance that increase in subjects the risk to develop cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to assess metabolic syndrome and its individual components among normal weight adults Cameroonian living in Yaounde, Cameroon participating in Health Campaigns. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Yaoundé on three hundred and thirty six (180 men and 156 women) normal weight adults. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using Adult Treatment Panel-III (ATP-III) definition. The general prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 11.9% (higher in women7.74% than in men 4.17%). No men exhibit higher waist circumference. In both sex the most common metabolic abnormality was Low HDL-cholesterol 54.46% (26.79% for men and 27.68% for women and hypertension 48.66% (26.79% for men and 22.398% for women. In our results 10.42% (3.57% for men and 6.85% for women) had three altered metabolic syndrome components while 1.49% (0.3% for men and 1.17% for women) had four; nobody met five criteria. Metabolic syndrome was more common in upper grade of normal body mass index (70%) than normal lower grade (30%) in both sexes. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in normal weight Cameroonian is relative high. Screening, promoting healthy diets and physical activity should be enhanced in this group.

Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Individual Components, Normal Weight, Yaounde-Cameroon.


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