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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF OCCIMUM SANCTUM

Rachamallu. Ranganath Reddy, G.Venkateshwarlu, P. Laxmi, H.Ramana and R.Vasanthi

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out to evaluate the phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of occimum sanctum. It is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae. The main chemical constituents of Tulsi are Oleanoid acid, Ursolic acid, Rosmarinic acid, Eugenol, Linalool and β caryophyllene. Extensively used in food products, perfumes, dental and oral products. Phytochemical screening of plant leaves reveals the presence of saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids cardiac glycosides, carbohydrates, terpenoids and tannins. Ethanol extract of leaves of occimum sanctum was prepared and antimicrobial activity was studied by disc diffusion method. Antimicrobial activity of ethanol extract of leaves in Occimum sanctum was carried in attempt to develop a new pharmaceutical drug from natural origin for prevention of pathogenic microbes.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, phytochemical analysis, IR studies, Occimum sanctum.


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