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Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF PLANTS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF RENAL CALCULI –A REVIEW

Muneer K C, Mahroosa Hussain, Muhammed Shabeeb, Sebika Farsana, Sahala Nasleen, Lubna, Dr. Prasobh G R*, Dr. Sapna Shrikumar

ABSTRACT

Urolithiasis is a recurrent disorder predominant in males. The present day medical management of urolithiasis is either costly or not without side effects. Hence, the search for antilithiatic drugs from natural sources has assumed greater importance and playing a significant role in the management of renal calculi. The WHO has approved the use of traditional medicines as a part of its health programs. As in almost all the system of traditional medicines, plants play a major role and constitute its back bone. The management of urolithiasis is combined surgical and medical approach using percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and antibiotics. These treatments are relatively costly, painful and require expert hands and availability of appropriate equipments. Ayurveda, an indigenous system of Indian medicine, offers vast scope for the successful treatment of urolithiasis. The administration of phyto formulations prevented the formation of urinary stones, supporting folk information regarding antiurolithiatic activity of the plant part. The mechanism underlying this effect is still unknown, but is apparently related to diuresis and lowering of urinary concentrations of stone forming constituents. Many plants playing a prominent role in the management of renal calculi.

Keywords: Renal stones, Urolithiasis, Cystone, Medicinal plants.


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