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Abstract

QUALITATIVE SECONDARY METABOLITES IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS IN CAPPARIS ZEYLANICA L. A HERBAL MEDICINE

A. Suvarna Latha *and N. Yasodamma 

ABSTRACT

Capparis zeylanica L. is a climbing thorny shrub commonly known as Indian caper, found throughout India. It is used as a „Rasayana‟ drug in the traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine which belongs to the family Capparidaceae with immense medicinal values. The plant is used in folk medicine to treat, snake bite, tumors, diabetes, rheumatism, abdominal, ulcers, hernia, swelling, itching, hepatitis, liver tonic, insect poisoning and anti-inflammatory. The present study was under taken to identify qualitatively various secondary metabolites like Phenols, Flavonoids and Anthocyanidins by paper chromatography from leaf, stem bark, root bark and fruits. Twenty five (25) Phenolic compounds like Iso Chlorogenic acid, Caffeic acid, Iso- chlorogenic acid, Homo-Protocatechuic acid, Phloroglucinol, Gentisic acid, α-Resorcyclic acid, Cis-p-Coumaric acid, Trans-p-Coumaric acid, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, Phloretic acid, Ferulic acid, Cis-Ferulic acid, Scopoletin, O- Coumaric acid, Trans-Sinapic acid, Vanillic acid, Melilotic acid, Syringic acid, Coumarin, Salicylic acid and Cinnamic acid. And Eight (8) Flavonoid compounds like Rutin, Myricetin, Quercetin, Kaempferol, Luteolin, Apigenin, Orientin and Vitexin and four (4) Anthocyanidin compounds like Delphidin, Malvidin, Peonidin and Luteolinidin, were identified by comparing with the standards. And it is identified that the bioactive nature of compounds is similar to the therapeutic properties of the plant.

Keywords: Capparis zeylanica L., Secondary metabolites, Phenols, Flavonoid and Anthocyanidin compounds.


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