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  • WJPPS SEPTEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • SEPTEMBER 2020 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 September 2020.

Abstract

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER: AN OVERVIEW

Ayushi Shrivastava, *Sachdev Yadav, Ashutosh Pareek, Vivek Dave and Swapnil Sharma

Department of Pharmacy, Banasthali University, Banasthali, Rajasthan. India.

ABSTRACT

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that centres on repetitive, fearful thoughts, termed as an obsession and a ritualistic, compulsive action. It affects children and adolescents as well as adults. The study found lifetime prevalence of 0.6% in India. This rate is considerably lower compared to the 2-3% rate reported in the European and North American studies. However, similar low rate ranging from 0.5-0.9% was observed in a study from Taiwan. Roughly one third to one half of adults with OCD reports a childhood onset of the disorder, which continues across the life span. The development of treatments that work better and faster is a major goal of ongoing research. First-line treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) cognitive behaviour therapy, drug therapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or both are quite effective for many patients. However, approximately one third of patients do not experience a significant reduction in symptoms from these treatments, or from established second-line interventions. Questionnaires, such as the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), can help diagnose OCD and track the progress of treatment. With treatment and self-help strategies, one can break free of the unwanted thoughts and irrational urges and take back control of their life.

Keywords: obsession, ritualistic, patients.


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