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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION ON THE ROOT OF CHROMOLAENA ODORATA (L) KING AND ROBINSON

Haniya Fabi K. M.*, Meera Bhaskaran, Snesha S. R. and Anjana B.

ABSTRACT

Chromolaena odorata (L) belonging to the family Asteraceae. It has been reported for several pharmacological properties including antimalerial, anthelmintic, analgesic, antiantipyretic, inflammatory, antispasmodic, antigonorrheal, antioxidant, insecticidal, antimycobacterial, fungicidal, diuretic, wound healing, blood coagulation and antibacterial. This study deals with the Pharmacognostical and phytochemical evaluation of the root of Chromolaena odorata (Linn). Pharmacognostical studies includes macroscopic, microscopic and physicochemical evaluation of the root. The transverse section of root showed the presence of cork cells, phloem, cambium, xylem and medullary rays. Physicochemical constants showed the values of total ash (2.1%), acid insoluble ash (0.5%), water soluble ash water soluble ash water soluble ash water soluble ash water soluble ash water soluble ashwater soluble ash (1.2%), sulphated ash (0.8%), nitrated ash (1.5%), water soluble extractive (10.6%), ethanol soluble extractive (1.4%), ether soluble extractive (.4%), loss on drying (18.8%), and swelling index(0.66) w/w. The preliminary phytochemical screening of the alcoholic extract showed presents of alkaloids, phenolic compounds, tannins, terpenoids and flavanoids. The study helps to development of standard parameters of the plant which help the identification and authentication of the plant.

Keywords: Chromolena odorata (Linn.), Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical, Root.


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