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Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON EXPLORING THE ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Polam Raja Sekhar Reddy*, Shaik Mahammad Haroon and Vathsalya Poranki

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk factors of diabetes mellitus and educating the patients to improve better quality of life. Methods: In this study, a sample size of n= 256 diabetic patients got interviewed with a self questionnaire form in the general medicine department at a tertiary care hospital. The patients were having an age range of 31- 70 years. In the total subjects, N= 200 patients included in the study, n= 56 patients excluded from the study as a control group. The self-questionnaire form got prepared to evaluate the risk factors of diabetes mellitus. Results: A total number of patients n= 200 (p<0.05) patients interviewed in the study among them 33% (n= 66) were females, 67% (n= 134) were males of different age groups ranging from 31-70 years. Among those were 7.5% of patients have a single risk factor for the development of diabetes, 42.5% of patients have double risk factors for the development of diabetes, 50% of patients have multiple risk factors (any 3, 4, 5 risk factors) for the development of diabetes. This study explained that patients who are having multiple risk factors are more to diabetes compared to the double and single risk factors. Conclusion: Patients with multiple risk factors are more chance to get diabetes compared to double and single risk factors.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Risk factors, Blood pressure, Stressful lifestyle, Family history.


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