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  • WJPPS: SEPTEMBER ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • SEPTEMBER 2021 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 September 2021.

Abstract

A REVIEW ON EVALUATING CLINICAL FINDINGS AND TREATMENT PLAN OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS

Madhuri Pindiganti*, Chandana Priya G., Tabitha Sharon and
Padmalatha Kantamaneni

ABSTRACT

Nosocomial infections are infections that occur while receiving medical treatment in a hospital. the incidence of hospital acquired infections was found to be reported as seven in developed and ten in developing countries among total of hundred hospitalized patients. patients in Intensive care unit (ICU), burn units, patients who are undergoing organ transplant and neonates are more prone to develop nosocomial infections. Increased length of hospitalization, increased antibiotic resistance and increased mortality rate the effects resulting from increasing risk of infections. Central line associated blood stream infections, CAUTI, SSI and VAP are mainly occurring types of infections. Bacteria (Aceinotobacter, Bacteriods, fragils, clostridium difficle, enterobacteriaceae, etc), viruses (hepatitis viruses, rotavirus and herpes simplex virus), and fungal parasites (aspergillus, candida albicans, cryptococus neoformons) are responsible for the incidence of nosocomial infections. The step to prevent the infections is to control the spread of infection and thereby resulting significant reduction of illness. Appropriate anti microbial usage should be followed based upon type of pathogens and patients tolerance. this review article mainly focus nosocomial infections in detail.

Keywords: Noscomial infections, Hospital acquired infection, pathogens.


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