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Abstract

PRESCRIBING PATTERNS OF ANTIBIOTICS IN REPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

Kare Shushrutha Nadh*, Babitha Kosuri, Shaik Vaseem Najhat Fathima, Naveen Yaradesi and Padmalatha Kantamneni

ABSTRACT

Tremendous respiratory tract infection burden developed in various countries. Communicable diseases raises the mortality and morbidity worldwide. Respiratory tract infections include upper and lower respiratory tracts infection. Antibiotics are therapeutically used in the management of the respiratory tract infections. These are inappropriately prescribed and utilization of improper antibiotic makes the prescription irrational in various countries which leads to development of antibiotic resistance, progression of infection and can be fatal to the patient. Analysis of prescription improves the rational use of antibiotics. While auditing the prescription, the clinical pharmacist should focus on preventing infections with rational use of antibiotic which helps in optimizing management and preventing unnecessary use of antibiotics. Along with the prescriptions patterns studies, it allows to know the standards and quality of health care professionals. Few studies follow international recommendations for prescribing patterns, and the majority of prescribers do not follow the guidelines, the most frequently prescribed antibiotics from these studies are Penicillin, Penicillin beta lactam combinations followed by cephalosporins; macrolides followed by cephalosporin beta lactam combinations, quinolones, carbapenems, metronidazole were prescribed. In this review article five studies have been included from various articles and results of their respective study were analysed.

Keywords: Respiratory tract infection, antibiotics, prescription.


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