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Abstract

A BRIEF OVERVIEW ON ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Shaik.Vaseem Najahat Fathima*, Babitha Kosuri, Kare Shushrutha Nadh, Naveen Yaradesi and Padmalatha Kantamaneni

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is a common condition brought on by gallstones or excessive alcohol consumption. The diagnosis is usually made based on the patient's symptoms, which are frequently accompanied by increased serum pancreatic enzymes. Imaging is not always necessary, but May be Performed for many reasons, such as to confirm a diagnosis of pancreatitis, rule out other causes of abdominal pain, elucidate the cause of pancreatitis, or to evaluate for complications such as necrosis or pseudocysts. While the majority of patients will have mild, self-limiting disease, a small percentage will develop severe disease that leads to organ failure. These patients are at risk for pancreatic necrosis, fluid collections, pseudocysts, and pancreatic duct distortion as a result of persistent pancreatic inflammation. Acute pancreatitis is treated with supportive treatment that includes fluid Replacement, pain management, and a gradual return to normal eating habits. Validated grading systems can help guide monitoring and treatments by predicting the severity of pancreatitis. If there is no evidence of pancreatic infection, prophylactic antibiotics are not required in acute pancreatitis. Patients who do not improve will need to be evaluated further to see whether they have any problems that necessitate intervention, such as pseudocysts or pancreatic necrosis. In the right clinical situation, endoscopy, including ERCP and EUS, and/or cholecystectomy may be recommended. The treatment of a patient with severe acute pancreatitis will eventually necessitate a multidisciplinary approach.

Keywords: Pancreatitis, alcohol, abdominal pain, organ failure, treatment, inflammation, fluid replacement.


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