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  • WJPPS: JULY ISSUE PUBLISHED
  • JULY 2021 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 July 2021.

Abstract

CLINICAL MANIFESTATION PATHOGENESIS, AND MANAGEMENT OTITIS MEDIA, AN UPDATE

Dr. Naser Shamkhi Ali Alhabieb*

ABSTRACT

Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion are common childhood disorders, a source of significant morbidity, and a leading cause of antibiotic prescription in primary health care. Although effective treatments are available, some shortcomings remain, and thus better treatments would be welcome. Recent discoveries within the field of otitis media research relating to its etiology and pathogenesis have led to further investigation aimed at developing novel treatments. This article provides a review of the latest evidence relating to the understanding of acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, current treatment strategies, their limitations, new areas of research, and novel strategies for treatment. Methodology: This study is prospective done from 2015 to 2020 for patients complain from OM, Results: AOM is a result of different host, environmental, microbiological and genetic factors. It is highly related to upper respiratory infection and the disease is thought to be viral in origin with bacterial superinfection happens later on. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has the best link with AOM. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis are still the most important pathogens. It is a symptomatic disease; Ear pain is the most important symptom, and bulging of the tympanic membrane is the most important sign that can lead to diagnosis. The American Academy of Pediatrics has put certain guidelines for the treatment of AOM. Prevetive measures play an important role in decreasing of its incidence. Conclusion: AOM has an impact on the child, family, and the community as a whole, in term of health and costs.

Keywords: Acute otitis media; Spectrum; Pathogenesis; Otorrhea.


[Full Text Article]

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