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Abstract

AN OVERVIEW OF DIABETES MELLITUS

*Ujjalkumar S Das, Krushna H Pande

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, RTM Nagpur University, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Shaikshanik Parisar, Amravati Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India (440033).

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is a common disease in which excessive levels of blood glucose (sugar) occur. In simple terms, diabetes is generally due to the absence or lack of effective functioning of insulin. Two common types of diabetes are described viz.type1 and type 2, both types of diabetes have different treatment options and in general population the type 2 diabetes is more prevalent than type 1 and it accounts for more than 90% of all known cases of diabetes. Diabetes is a manageable disease if one knows how to control the sugar levels. But uncontrolled diabetes can give rise to so many health complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, blindness, brain failure and amputations of legs or limbs. This review article provides general information about diabetes, its worldwide impact on the health and World economy. In this review awareness about diabetes is discussed. Anti-diabetic drugs are used to lower the concentration of glucose in the blood of people with diabetes mellitus. By keeping the blood sugar at or close to the normal range, these medicines reduce some of the risks associated with diabetes. The economic burden of diabetes mellitus, together with some disenchancement about allopathic treatments for this disorder, has led to a growing interest in potentially safer and gentle management options that are presented by alternative medicine. A number of investigations of oral antihyperglycemic of plant origin used in traditional medicines.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, complications, awareness, anti-diabetic drugs.


[Full Text Article]

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