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  • NOVEMBER 2020 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2020

Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTIC STANDARDIZATION AND HPTLC FINGERPRINT OF CRATAEVA TAPIA L. SEEDS

Avinash Patil*, Priyanka Sharma and Darshana Patil

ABSTRACT

Plants have been the basis of many traditional medicines throughout the world for thousands of years and continue to provide new remedies to mankind. Plants are one of the richest sources of bioactive compounds. Crataeva tapia Linn. ssp. odora (Jacob.) Almedia (syn. C. religiosa var. nurvula Hook. f.) belonging to the Family- Capparaceae is commonly called as Varuna. The plant parts (bark, leaves and seeds) have many medicinal uses. Fruits of the plant are used as tonic and febrifuge in Northeast of Brazil. Pentadecane, octanamide, 12- tricosanone, friedelin, ceryl alcohol, tricontate, tricontanol, β-sitosterol and glucocapparin have also been isolated from fruits. Pharmacognostic studies have been carried out for bark and leaf however, inadequate data exists for seeds. The present investigation was carried out to study pharmacognostic characters, preliminary phytochemical analysis and HPTLC fingerprint profile of Crataeva tapia L. seeds. In the present study, water soluble extractive value was found to be more than alcohol soluble extractive value. Preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of starch, aleurone grains, amino acids, carbohydrates, fats and fixed oils, alkaloids, steroids, glycosides, tannins and triterpenoids. HPTLC fingerprint profile developed would serve as a tool for identification and quality control of the seed. The present study will thus play a vital role in identification, authentication and maintaining proper quality standards of Crataeva tapia L seeds.

Keywords: Crataeva tapia L., seeds, pharmacognosy, HPTLC fingerprint profile.


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