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Abstract

ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN COMMUNITY ACQUIRED URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS

*Jefy Susan Thomas, Keerthy Kishor, Shylashree, Sruthi V. and Apoorva Dev

ABSTRACT

Background: Community acquired UTI is defined as an infection of the urinary tract that occurs in the community or within less than 48 hours of the hospital admission and was not incubating at the time of hospital admission and is the second commonest diagnosed infection in the community. The main objectives of the study was to find out the prevalence of occurrence of UTI in males and females and also to find out the antibiotic sensitivity pattern in different age group. Methods: The present study is a prospective observational study. The study include 149 patient which include the collection of patients urine analysis and urine culture and sensitivity tests reports from lab. Result: Total Number of 149 patients are enrolled in the study and it was found out that, females (62.41%) were highly infected with UTI than male (37.58%). The commonest Uropathogen isolated was E. coli (53.02%) followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (21.47%). The sensitivity of E.coli to Amikacin and Nitrofurantoin were (46.30%) and (37.58%), respectively and the sensitivity of Klebsiella pneumoniae to Amikacin and Piperacillin/tazobactam were (15.43%) and (14.76%) respectively. Conclusion: At the end of the study it was found out that, gram-negative E.coli was the leading bacterial pathogen of community acquired UTIs. There was increase in UTI with increase in age i.e., >45 years of age group was the most prevalent for UTI. Female gender is affected with UTI the most.

Keywords: Urinary tract infection, antibiotics, community acquired urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli, culture and sensitivity.


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