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Abstract

TO DIAGNOSTICATE INTESTINAL PARASITES ENCOMPASSED BY THE STOOL SAMPLES SCRUTINIZE IN WESTERN U.P.

Himanshu Singh Bisht*, Sunpreet Kaur, Vivek Gaur and Aishwarya Srivastava*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infection caused by pathogenic helminthic and protozoal species is endemic throughout the world. They affect an estimated 3.5 million (WHO 2000) Developing countries are reported to be most affected within these, the majority of cases occurs among school aged children (WHO 1996; Montresor et al. 1998). The precise impact of Intestinal parasitic Infection on child nutrition, growth and development appears to depend on the species and burden and host immune response therefore the aim of study was to identify intestinal parasites among the stool samples. Material and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Microbiology School of Medical Science & Research, Greater Noida, Sharda University during the period from February 2014 to February 2015. Result: The current study showed that the incidence of parasitic diseases in Sharda Hospital Greater Noida was 9%, total no. of samples collected were 400. The highest rate of infection was with Trichuris trichiura. The total no. of positive samples were 36 for parasitic infestations, Out of which 10 were found positive for Trichuris trichiura and followed by 8 samples of Entamoeba histolytica, 8 samples of Ancylostoma duodenale, 6 samples of Giardia lamblia and 4 samples of Hymenolepis nana, 22 were positive for helminths and among them 15 were females and 7 were males, similarly 10 were female and 4 were males among the samples positive for protozoa. Discussion: Intestinal parasitic infections are the major cause of morbidity and mortality (in Pediatric Patients) in developing countries like India. Various studies from rural, urban and semiurban regions have shown different prevalence rates ranging from 5.86% to 12.31%. In present study total 400 samples were included from the patients attending our hospital. Majority of our patients came from urban areas. Low prevalence in present study (9%) might be due to improved sanitary practices, reduced slum areas, personnel hygiene, increased awareness, health education and seasonal variations. But in India few study reported prevalence higher than my study. Conclusion: The parasitic infection is still a big threat to mankind. This report although shows that there is low prevalence of intestinal parasitic manifestations in and around G.Noida, the place at which I conducted my survey.

Keywords: Parasitic infection, Giardia lamblia, Hymenolepsis nana, Entamoeba histolytica, Ancylostoma duodenale.


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