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  • APRIL 2021 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 April 2021.

Abstract

CESTRUM NOCTURNUM L.: A PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW

Zidra Albasri, Ifora Ifora and Fitra Fauziah*

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cestrum nocturnum L. is a shrub widely used as a traditional treatment of burns, swelling, epilepsy, antimicrobials, and analgesics. Furthermore, essential oils of` Cestrum nocturnum are known as mosquito repellents to prevent malaria. This article aims to review and briefly describe the phytochemical and pharmacological activities of Cestrum nocturnum. Methods: The method used in compiling the review article by literature studies from journals in the last ten years (2010-2020). Moreover, there are 20 articles to be analyzed in this review. Results: Cestrum nocturnum contains chemical compounds, i.e., alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, tannins, carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, phytosterols, and phenols. Moreover, Cestrum nocturnum has
antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic, antidiabetic, antiulcer, hepatoprotective, antidepressant, antianxiety, anti-HIV, burns, and wound healing. Conclusion: It has the potential to developed as a drug from a natural product.

Keywords: Cestrum nocturnum, phytochemical, pharmacological.


[Full Text Article]

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