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*Dona George, Dr. Anil Babu, Dr. Riju K. P., Dr. Don David and Ravina P. R.


Aim of this review is to assess the benefit out risk ratio of ayurveda and allopathy in management of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most commonly occurring degenerative joint disease involving the cartilage and many of its surrounding tissues. Arthritis is a state in which inflammation of joints occurs, usually associated with pain, swelling and stiffness. It may be due to the infection, degenerative changes, trauma, metabolic disturbance or other causes. Treatment for osteoarthritis is available in both ayurveda and allopathy. Objectives of this review are to find out the incident rate of osteoarthritis, compare the management for osteoarthritis patients, and to find out the pain score variables in each group. Nearly all patients with OA have pain in the affected joints of the hand, knee, and hip being the most common location. In osteoarthritis pain is most commonly associated with joint movements. There are more than100 dissimilar types of arthritis present, with different causes and treatment methods. And two of the most conjoint type of arthritis is classified into osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis or bacterial arthritis. The symptoms of arthritis are most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but in rare case it can also occur in younger adults. Arthritis is most commonly developed in women than men and inhabits who are overweight. Treatment for osteoarthritis is available in both Ayurveda and Allopathy. Both have their own advantages and disadvantages. The success rate of Ayurveda and Allopathy are 90% and 85% respectively. In case of Ayurveda the treatment products are prepared by using the essence of fruits, spices, vegetables and natural herbs. Plants containing flavonoids or polyphenols are a good choice against various form of arthritis. Flavonoids effortlessly slow down the construction of free radical, which lead to slow pace of COX and LOX stimulation accordingly they control the tenderness and pain due to arthritis. In allopathy Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) which have analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties, due to their inhibitory action on cyclooxygenase (COX), effectively relive the pain and stiffness.

Keywords: Osteoarthritis, Treatment in Allopathy, Treatment in Ayurveda.

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