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Abstract

OVERVIEW OF THE BOTANICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THE AVOCADO PLANT (PERSEA AMERICANA MILL.)

Gusti Ningsih, Anzharni Fajrina, Husnunnisa and Harrizul Rivai*

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to obtain information to provide knowledge that the avocado plant (Persea americana Mill) can be used as an antibacterial, not only for its flesh and leaves. Avocado plant parts such as roots, bark, fruit skin, and seeds are also proven to inhibit bacterial growth. Search for information using a literature study by searching for sources or literature in primary data or the form of official books and international journals in the last ten years (2010 - 2020). The keywords used were avocado, Persea americana Mill, antibacterial activity, inhibition zone. Primary references are searched through trusted websites such as Pubmed, ScienceDirect, NCBI, ResearchGate, Google Scholar, Mendeley, and other published and trustworthy journals. The results of this review indicated that the extracts of the roots, bark, leaves, fruit skins, pulp, and seeds of avocado were active as antibacterial agents against several pathogenic bacteria. The leaf part is the avocado plant that has the highest potential for antibacterial activity because it contains secondary metabolites such as flavonoids and alkaloids.

Keywords: Avocado, Persea americana Mill, antibacterial activity, inhibition zone.


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