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Abstract

COMPARATIVE PHARMACEUTICAL STUDY OF BILWADI AVALEHA ACCORDING TO 2 DIFFERENT METHODS

Dhanyashree K.* and Sushmitha V. S.

ABSTRACT

Bheshaja (Medicines) form one of the important aspects in the treatment aspect among Chikitsa chatushpada.[1] There are different medicines mentioned in classical texts of Ayurveda, in various dosage forms, based on the utility and need in the diseased condition. Avaleha is one among the semisolid dosage forms utilized in the Ayurveda system. Bilwa (Aegle marmelos) is a drug which is included in the group Dashamoola, which has wide range of therapeutic utility. It is useful in the neurological disorders, associated with pain. Bilwadi Avaleha is a confectionary form of medication explained in the classical texts Sahasrayoga[2] (BA1) and Ashtanga Hridaya[3](BA2), in the context of Grahani roga. The ingredients mentioned in the two references are slightly different and varied indication can be seen. Hence in this study, the preparation is done as per the 2 references and comparison is made between them. Both the preparations were done according to the general method of Avaleha kalpana but the time taken were different due to the change in ingredients. The final product prepared from Sahasrayoga method was more palatable compared to the Ashtanga Hridaya method due to the absence of the Sneha dravya in it. The consistency of the confection was soft in both methods, BA2 had lustrous compared to BA1. Hence it can be inferred that the difference in the ingredients and the varied indications may be due to the Grahani that is caused due to varied reasons. Therefore, by looking at the underlying cause and associated symptoms, the physician has to decide by looking at the reference by which the formulation is prepared.

Keywords: Bilwa, Avaleha, Grahani roga, Leha, Bilwadyavaleha.


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