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Abstract

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SHILAJATU VATIKA (HERBO-MINERAL COMPOUND FORMULATION)- AN APPROACH TO COMPOUND FORMULATION STANDARDIZATION

Dr. Naveen Kumar Shakya* and Sudhaldev Mohapatra

ABSTRACT

Shilajtu Vatika [S.V.], a herbo-mineral compound formulation having various therapeutic uses, predominately in Raktapradara (menorrhagia) has been used in Ayurvedic practice of medicine since many centuries. The present study was conducted to generate a fingerprint for raw Shilajatu [R.S.] and Shilajatu Vatika that can be practiced in Ayurvedic pharmacies and drug industries. Raw Shilajatu was processed with Triphala decoction by following integration of Agnitapi (heating in fire) and Suryatapi (heating in Sunshine) method, which have been followed for Shodhana of Shilajatu since many centuries. After obtaining Suddha Shilajatu it was added with Kajjali after being triturated with Kutaja decoction and Rakata kamala flower juice. Then all other ingredients of Shilajatu Vatika were added and triturated with honey to prepare Shilajatu Vatika by following SOP (Standard Operative Procedure) of Vati kalpana in Kharaliya method of preparation. After preparing Shilajatu Vatika complied with the features of herbo-mineral Vati kalpana, both raw Shilajatu and Shilajatu Vatika were analyzed by using X-Ray Fluorescence (X-RF) analysis. It was revealed that Raw Shilajatu contains K, Ca , Cl, Si, Fe, S, P, Mn, Mg, Sr, Mo, Rb, Ru, Br, Zn, Ti, Cu, Ni, Na etc. and Shilajatu Vatika contains K, Ca , Cl, Si, Fe, S, P, Mn, Mg, Sr, Mo, Hg, Rb, Ru, Br, Zn, Ti, Cu, Ni, Na etc. HPTLC (High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography) studies showed that Strong spots identified on 254nm confirms presence of polyphenolic acids, flavonoidal and tannins.

Keywords: Shilajatu Vatika, HPTLC, X-RF.


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