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Abstract

GREWIA TILIFOLIA: A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

Shivam Malhotra*, Archana Chaudhary, Tarun Sharma and Dr. Vinay Pandit

ABSTRACT

Grewia tilifolia belongs to the family Tiliaceae is a herb used in Ayurveda for various types of diseases and disorders. It is commonly known as Dhaman, Dhamni, Dhanuvriksha, Pharsa, and Dalmon. In India, it is particularly found in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chennai, Andhra Pradesh, Mumbai, etc. About 40 Grewia species are found in India. Leaves, bark, roots, stem and fruits of the plant are used for the extraction of phytoconstituents. The main phytoconstituents present in the plant are: carbohydrate, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, alkaloids, triterpenoids, proteins, saponins, lipids, steroids and tannins. It is rich in various types of macronutrients and micronutrients like: calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, etc. Its medicinal uses are: skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, diarrhea, cancer, inflammation, heart diseases, expectorant etc. Grewia plant are also used as antidote in snake bite and opium poisoning. It is also used in sprains, burning sensation, hyperdipsia, rhinopathy, ulcers, skin diseases, haematemesis, and general debility, etc. The present review is focused on the Phytochemicals, pharmacological and medicinal properties of the plant.

Keywords: Grewia tilifolia, Phytochemicals, Stem, Fruits, Leaves, Medicinal value.


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