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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF VIDANGA BERRIES (EMBELIA RIBES BURM.F)

Dr. Manisha Sharma*, Dr. Pratibha, Dr. Jagdish Mohan Onkar and Dr. Omprakash Sharma

ABSTRACT

Embelia ribes Burm F. is large scandent shrub, disturbed throughout India and belongs to the family Myrsinacae. It is commonly known as false black pepper or Vidanga. E. ribes grows in semi-evergreen and deciduous forests at an altitude of 1,500m found in central and lower Himalayas, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh throughout India. Embelia ribes has been proven to have great pharmacological potential with a great utility and usage as folklore medicine. The root, berries and leaves of Embelia ribes used in herbal formulas. It is used as antibacterial, antifertility activities, antiprotozoal, abdominal disorders, lung diseases, constipation, indigestion, fungus infections, mouth ulcer, sore throat, pneumonia, heart disease and obesity, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and formulations of Embelia ribes are Ardrakakhandavaleha, Erandapaka, Krimighnakashayachurna etc. Some of the techniques like macroscopic and microscopic and TLC were done. Pharmacognostical evaluation transverse section shows of seed, secretory cells, pericarp, mesocarp, epicarp, ideoblast cells and powder microscopy shows presence of lignin, mucilage, starch grains, suberin, preliminary phytochemical showed presence of carbohydrate, alkaloids, amino acids, saponin, glycosides, tannins of aqueous and ethanol extract. So, worked can be the considered as standard for future studies and helpful for quality, safety and efficacy control of vidanga. In practice, we use mainly puran vidang not navin. So, Our present study on puran Vidanga.

Keywords: Vidanga (Embelia ribes), phytochemical profile, physicochemical analysis, TLC, aqueous, ethanol extract.


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