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Abstract

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SELF -MEDICATION PRACTICE AMONG MEDICAL & ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN NORTH INDIA.

Rahul. Parakh*, Neha Sharma, Vineet Choudhary, Kriti Kothari Parakh, Richa Parakh, Pushpraj Gour

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to determine the knowledge, attitude & practice of self medication among Medical & Engineering students of all the years of NIMS Medical & Engineering College, Jaipur, Rajasthan. This study was an anonymous, questionnaire-based, descriptive study. A self-developed, pre-validated questionnaire consisting of both open-ended and close-ended questions was filled by all year Medical & Engineering students. Data was reviewed, organized and summarized as counts and percentages and evaluated using the Chi-square test and p-value of <0.05 was considered tatistically significant. Out of total 316 students in medical and 346 in engineering, with an age range from 17-27 years. Out of these, 73.4% medical & 75.7% engineering students had taken self medication. The commonest indications for self-medication were headache & fever followed by cough/common cold. 37.4% of the engineering students didn’t feel the need to go to a doctor while minor illness (62.5%) among medical students and these were the most frequent reasons for resorting to self-medication and the main source of self medication was guardians (54.9%) while it was previous experience in 34.9% of medical students. Analgesics were the commonest drugs used followed by antimicrobials with 70.2% (medical), 52%(engineering) of the students completed the recommended course of antimicrobials. The practice of self-medication in our study was common and often inappropriate and this high prevalence is a cause of concern. Education and proper information about the drugs may go a long way in promoting responsible self medication.

Keywords: Self-medication, medical students, engineering students, self-prescription.


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