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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, ULTRA VIOLET & FT-IR SPECTROSCOPY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF BRADELIA STIPULARIES LEAF

Sharjana Rahmana and Shahin Aziza*

ABSTRACT

Bradelia stipularies is an important and rare medicinal plant. The present work deals with phytochemical screening, UV and FT-IR spectroscopy of the ethanolic leaf extract of this plant. This plant is very beneficial for the treatment of malaria, AIDS/HIV, anemia, asthma, cancer, colic, cough, diabetes, diarrhea, enlarged spleen, gonorrhea, hernia, joint pain, menstruation that's abnormal or painful, stomachaches and other stomach problems, syphilis, thrush, to kill parasites, tract infections, infectious disease, yellow skin discoloration (jaundice), as an insecticide, and as a powerful laxative. In phytochemical screening the extract shows the presence of flavonoids, glycosides, terpenoids, phenolic compound, carbohydrates, proteins, gum and mucilage & amino acids. The UV and FT-IR spectroscopy of ethanolic leaf extract of this plant shows the presence of carbonyl group (ketone), nitro benzene, furan, pyrole, styrene, aromatic aldehyde, α-Β unsaturated amide, anhydride, aromatic & aliphatic nature of the compound, alcohols, phenol, amines, carboxylic acid type of compounds. Medicinal utility of the plant depends mainly onto this above mention bioactive compound.

Keywords: Bradelia stipularies, phytochemical screening, ultra violet spectroscopy, FT-IR spectroscopy, chromophoric groups.


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