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Abstract

OVERVIEW OF PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF CHICKPEAS (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS)

Uci Para Ramadhani, Boy Chandra and Harrizul Rivai*

ABSTRACT

This review aims to provide basic knowledge of the medicinal plant Chickpeas (Phaseolus vulgaris). Currently, Chickpeas are considered a medicinal plant for diabetes mellitus. However, natural compounds for treating diabetes mellitus are the most alternative and complementary therapies due to their various biological and therapeutic properties. We conducted a limited, open search in English from the Mendeley, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science, and Pubmed databases for all available literature from 2000-2020, using terms related to phytochemical, pharmacological and Phaseolus vulgaris compounds. This view of the phytochemical content and pharmacological activity of Phaseolus vulgaris provides a solid basis for developing new treatments. Chickpeas (Phaseolus vulgaris L) have several bioactive components associated with health benefits, such as alkaloids, anthocyanins, carbohydrates, catechins, fiber, and flavonoids phytic acid, quercetin, saponins, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids and trypsin inhibitors. Therefore, Chickpeas have various biological activities, including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidiabetic, diuretic, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, and antiobesity. Also, Chickpeas (Phaseolus vulgaris) have been shown to have vigorous antidiabetic activity and may be useful in developing new antidiabetic therapies.

Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris, Chickpeas, green beans, phytochemicals, pharmacology, antidiabetic.


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