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  • AUGUST 2020 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 August 2020.

Abstract

HEMOCULTURES: MICROBIAL PROFILE AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ANTIBIOTICS IN A REFERENCE CENTER OF PIAUÍ, BRAZIL

*Evaldo Hipólito De Oliveira, Roseane Mara Cardoso Lima Verde, Daniele Vieira Fortes, Maria Do Socorro Teixeira De Castro and Gildevane Vieira do Nascimento

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The hospital works as a center where bacteria, viruses, and many other microorganisms can be transmitted from one person to another. Hospital infections are adverse effects that may be related to admission to the hospital. In the state of Piauí, the Central Laboratory (LACEN-PI) is responsible for the implementation of blood cultures. Objective: This study aims to analyze and describe the bacterial prevalence and susceptibility profile to obtain information on blood culture as an instrument to identify the microorganisms present and to guide the treatment, as well as to minimize the risks of hospital infections. Methodology: This is an experimental, retrospective, descriptive and quantitative research based on secondary data. Results: there were 200 blood cultures analyzed, 107 were negative and 93 were positive and 46.5% of the exams were microorganism growth, 53.5% did not grow, the frequency of the microorganisms with the respective sensitivity and resistance profiles was described. Conclusions: The reality of this century is fundamentally characterized as the era of the use of highly sophisticated and invasive procedures, as well as the clinical use of antibiotics. Thus, it is concluded that the pathogenic organisms most commonly found are Staphylococcus aureus, with disease progression, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and in some cases, Burkholderia cepacia, have a relevant pathogenic role in blood cultures in this service.

Keywords: Hemoculture, Antibiogram, Bacterial resistance.


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