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Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PRESCRIBING PATTERNS OF ANTIDIABETIC DRUGS

Mohammad Yaseen Abbasi*, Md. Avez Ali, Mohammed Alshammari

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the current prescribing patterns of anti-diabetic drugs adopted by physicians. Method: A Prospective observational study was carried out for the period of six months in Inpatient Department. Patients of either sex aged ≥ 18 years and above, patients who were diagnosed as diabetic were included in the study. All Inpatients case sheet were collected and all required data were copied into standard data collection form to review the current prescribing patterns of anti-diabetic drugs. Results: A total of 133 patients were recruited for the study, 61% of the patients were males and 39% of the patients were females. Most of the patients were in the age group of 51-65 years (44.36%). 70.67% of the patients had no family history of diabetes. 29.3% of the patients had a family history. The major comorbidities identified were 79 patients (43.64%) had hypertension, followed by 32 patients (17.67%) had hyperlipidemia. Antidiabetic drugs accounted for 241 (31.58%) of the total drugs prescribed. Among the Antidiabetic, Biguanides (Metformin) were prescribed in 85 patients, accounted for 35.26%, followed by Sulfonylurea’s were prescribed in 77 patients, accounted for 30.68%, insulin was prescribed in 53 patients, accounted for 21.96%, Thiazolidinediones were prescribed in 22 patients, accounted for 9.12%, and DPP-4 Inhibitors were prescribed in 4 patients, accounted for 1.65%. Conclusion: The prescribing pattern of drugs should be based on severity of disease condition, associated co-morbid conditions and currently available evidences in order to promote the quality use of drugs.

Keywords: Drugs, Prescribing pattern, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes.


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