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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING BY QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF ROOT EXTRACT OF PARKINSONIA ACULEATE (LINN)

Mahadevi Bhosale*, Ashpak Tamboli, Manoj Patil, Priyanka Karande, Shweta Bahire, Arti Chandanshive

ABSTRACT

“Phyto” is the Greek word for “Plant”. Phytochemistry is the study of phytochemicals which are present in the plants and are usually related to plant pigments. These phytochemicals produces a definite physiological action on human body. Phytochemicals are found in fruits, vegetables, grains, beans and various parts of plants. They occur in various families of plants. Medicinal plants are of great importance in treating many ailments and diseases traditionally. Parkinsonia aculeate (Linn) is also called as vilayati kikar. It belongs to the family Fabaceae. In present study the qualitative as well as quantitative phytochemical screening of root extracts of Parkinsonia aculeate (Linn) were undertaken. Presence of different phyto-constituents in different extracts such as Petroleum ether extract, chloroform extract, ethyl acetate extract, ethanol extract and aqueous extract were studied and determined. Root extracts of Parkinsonia aculeate showed a positive results for the presence of phytoconstituents such as flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, sterols in ethyl acetate extract and ethanol extracts significantly. Quantitative analysis of phytoconstituent present in the root powder of Parkinsonia aculeate were studied to calculate the percentage of phytoconstituents present in it and were determined. In quantitative estimation the total alkaloid, flavonoid and saponin content were estimated from the crude root powder of parkinsonia aculeate (Linn).

Keywords: Phytoconstituents, Parkinsonia aculeate, Quantitative analysis, Qualitative analysis.


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