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Abstract

A COMPARITIVE STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND ITS RISK FACTORS IN INDIA

Mounisha Madala*, Jhansi Parepalli, Naveen Yaradesi and Padmalatha Kantamneni

ABSTRACT

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a most widespread disease in both developed and developing Countries. It is the condition in which kidneys fails to filter wastes from the blood and getting worse over time. It is commonly observed in middle age and old aged people. As age increases, prevalence of CKD increases. The risk factors associated are Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, Smoking, Obesity, Family history and any other abnormality in kidney structure. Renal function tests like Glomerular filtration rate(GFR), Urinanalysis, Serum Creatinine, Blood urea, Ultrasonography(USG) or Computed tomography (CT) and Kidney biopsy are mainly used to diagnose renal failure. Treatment includes conservative management, Dialysis and Renal transplantation. We compared 3 crossSectional studies on prevalence and risk factors of CKD in India. From these 3 studies, we conclude that CKD is a major public health issue and the prevalencewas more in females than males and in elder population. The common risk factors associated with CKD are Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Smoking, Alcohol and cardiac problems.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, Prevalence, Risk factors, Glomerular filtration rate.


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