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Abstract

STUDY OF GYNAECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN ADOLESCENCE

Dr. Sura Zaean Jarullah MBCHB. DGO, *Dr. Saba Abd Almahdi Mohammed MBCHB. DGO, and Dr. Amel Faraj Flaih M.B.Ch.B. DGO

 

ABSTRACT

Context/Background: Adolescence, meaning ―To grow up,‖ is a transitional stage of physical, sexual and mental human development occurring between puberty and legal adulthood. Youth defines adolescents as individuals between 13 to 19 yrs. of age. AIMS To study the magnitude of different adolescent gynecological problems in patients attending gynecological hospital. Settings and Design Prospective study in patients attending gynecologi. Sample Size: 150 Methods and Materials: 150 adolescent girls in the age group of 13- 19 yrs. attending gynecological hospital from November 2016 to October 2017 were included in the study. Detailed history, general examinations and investigations were done to evaluate their health. Statistical Analysis: Was done using Microsoft Excel. Results: Incidence of gynecological problem in our study was 3.33%. Different gynecological problems were menstrual disorders (60%), leucorrhoea (10.66%), infections (8%), ovarian cyst (5.33%), sexual assault (2.66%), teenage pregnancy (10.66%) and infertility (2.66%). Majority of girls with menstrual disorders suffered from puberty menorrhagia (55.55%). Dysfunctional uterine bleeding was diagnosed in 96% of girls suffering from puberty menorrhagia. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease was exclusively seen in married adolescent girls. Vaginal atresia and imperforate hymen were causes of primary amenorrhoea. PCOD was commonest cause of secondary amenorrhoea amongst adolescents. Conclusion: Menstrual abnormalities are the most common problems of adolescent girls. Setting up adolescent clinics is desirable.

Keywords: Adolescence, Gynecological Problems.


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