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Abstract

CRITICAL REVIEW OF SNEHANA AND SWEDANA IN BRIHATTRAYI W.S.R. VATAVYADHI

Akhilanath Parida*, Satyasmita Jena and Varun Sawant

 

ABSTRACT

An imbalance in Dosh equilibrium is termed as ‘Roga’. Amongst Tridosha, Vata is accountable for all Cheshtas (activities) and utmost of the ailments. Over-all treatments of Vatavyadhiare Snehana, Svedana, MriduSamshodhana, Basti, VataharaAushadha, Ahara, and Vihara. Snehana and Svedana are exact line of treatment for Vatavyadhi in addition being the chief Purvakarmaprocedure for Panchakarma treatment. Sneha Dravya possesses Drava, Sukshma, Sara, Snigdha, Manda, Mriduand Guru qualities which are reverse to those of Vata, thus, it alleviates Vata. Snehana treatment is administered to aindividual in twofoldmanner. external applications as Abhyanga(massage), Katibasti, Grivabasti, Moordha tail, Shiropichu, Shirodhara, Shirobasti, Gandusha (gargling), Akshitarpana (application of medicine over the eyelids), Karnapoorana(filling the ear with oil), Unmardana(rubbing), Lepa(paste), Pariseka(pouring of oil), Janubasti, etc. Internal application has been separated into three varieties on the basis of their effect viz., Brimhana, Shamana, and Shodhana. Both external andinternal Snehanais effective in Vatavyadhi. Svedanais the process by which perspiration isinduced in the body which removes stiffness, heaviness, and coldness of the body, by the opening ofthe blocked channels. Acharya Charakahas classified Svedanainto two groups- Agni Sveda andNiragni Sveda.

Keywords: Snehana, Svedana, Purvakarma, Vatavyadhi, Snigdha, Manda.


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