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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AND DRUG UTILIZATION OF ASTHMA MEDICATION IN HOSPITALS OF RUPANDEHI DISTRICT

Mukesh Kumar Chaudhary*, Garima Panthee, Neeta Gurung, Samikshya Sharma and Seema Banstola

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The present study assessed the prescribing pattern and utilization of anti-asthmatic drugs in asthma patients at two different hospitals of Rupandehi district, Nepal. We also illustrated the drug therapy regimen and route of administration of the patients diagnosed with asthma. Methodology: The patients were interviewed on the predesigned questionnaire with their consent either verbally or by observing their prescription. It was then analyzed to obtain the results after the completion of the study. Results: A total of 111 prescription of patients were analyzed. Maximum patients were of the age group above 60. The most prescribed anti-asthmatic agents were bronchodilators followed by combination drug, corticosteroids, antibiotics and leukotriene antagonist. Combination therapy was preferred rather than monotherapy. The most prescribed route of administration was inhalational followed by oral and parenteral. Conclusion: In our study, we found that the prescription of bronchodilators was highest (41% in Crimson Hospital and 35.6% in Chauraha Hospital) followed by combination drug (26.5% in Crimson Hospital and 25.4% in Chauraha Hospital), corticosteroids (14.1% in Crimson Hospital and 17% in Chauraha Hospital), antibiotics (13.7% in Crimson Hospital and 13.5% in Chauraha Hospital) and leukotriene antagonist (4.5% in Crimson Hospital and 8.5% in Chauraha Hospital). Also, inhalational was the most prescribed route of administration.

Keywords: Assessment, Asthma, Medication, Prescription, Triggering, Utilization.


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