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Abstract

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF TWO ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS USEDBY SAUR AND KONDAR TRIBES OF CHHATARPUR DISTRICT M.P.(INDIA)

Yogesh Chaturvedi *, Dr.Manjusha Saxena

ABSTRACT

Chhatarpur is a district of Madhya Pradesh state, located at the northern part of state. Saur and kondar are the main tribes of the district. Both tribes are enlisted in the list of tribes, declared by ministry of tribal affairs, Government of Madhya Pradesh. Saur is mentioned at 44 number and kondar is mentioned at 22 Number. Both the tribes have an excellent history of traditional use of medicinal plants. The ethnomedicinal study of both tribal communities clearly shows that there are several plant species in local area, which are being used by the tribal communities. Some plants are being used in treatment of bacterial infections. Sphaeranthus Indicus (L) and diplocyclos palmatus (L) Jeffery. Are the plants, which are being used in bacterial infections by both tribal communities. The chloroform extract of a mixture of head and Root of sphaeanthus indicus and the aqueous extract of mature fruits of diplocyclos palmatus have been evaluated against six bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, salmonella typhimurium, clostridium perfringens , streptococcus pneumoniae) The results indicated that both plants exhibited antibacterial activity against six bacterial strains. All the bacterial strains were obtained from microbial type culture and collection, institute of microbial technology- Chandigarh, India- (The costomer number- 8445).

Keywords: Saur, Kondar, Antibacterial, Mixture to head and root, chhatarpur.


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