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Abstract

COMPARATIVE PRIMARY PHYTO AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PHELLINUS SPP

S Nataraja, R Meghalatha*, Ashok Chittaragi and M Krishnapp

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to comparative primary phytochemical and physico-chemical properties of wild mushrooms fruiting bodies. The physico-chemical parameters of Phellinus linteus and Phellinus wahlbergii powder were determined like total ash content, acidinsoluble ash, water soluble ash, pH of 5 % w/v solution of aqueous extract, foreign matter, moisture content and alcohol soluble extractive . The extracts of Ph. linteus and Ph. wahlbergii were prepared using different solvents like petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and aqueous solvents. The phytochemical screening of Ph. linteus and Ph. wahlbergii fruiting bodies extracts was performed the presence carbohydrates (Molisch’s test) and proteins (Biuret test and Ninhydrin’s test) in chloroform, methanol and aqueous solvents where as absent in petroleum ether, where as absent in petroleum ether were indicated by the test conducted. The both species are having same phytochemical constituents, in the same time absent for polysaccharides, lipids and oil tests all the different solvent extracts. The Ph. linteus mushroom was found to contain highest percentage of alcohol soluble extractive (71.5 %), followed by moisture (22.9 %), foreign matter (18.7 %), where as the Ph. Wahlbergii mushroom was found to contain highest percentage of acid soluble ash content (45 %), followed by moisture content (27.57 %), alcohol soluble extractive (19.4 %), water soluble ash (14-15 %), pH of 5 % w/v solution of aqueous extract (14.3 %) for the physico-chemical analysis. These studies provided referential information in regard to its identification parameters assumed significantly in the way of acceptability.

Keywords: Phellinus spp, Wild mushrooms, Primary tests, Physico-chemical parameters, Western Ghats.


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