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Abstract

STUDY ON PREVALANCE OF RISK FACTORS OF TUBERCULOSIS IN PATHANAMTHITTA DISTRICT, KERALA

Sawmya Sabu*, Sona S. Thomas and Jayakumar K. S.

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. In 2017, 10 million people fell ill with TB, and 1.6 million died from the disease (including 0.3 million among people with HIV). In 2017, an estimated 1 million children became ill with TB and 230 000 children died of TB (including children with HIV associated TB). Our objective was to identify the prevalence of risk factors as recorded in the register of Tb patients of TB clinic Kozhencherry during the study period. Our study was a retrospective study and a sample size of 200 Patient who were diagnosed with Tuberculosis and undergone treatment and on treatment were used for the study. The salient findings of the study were; (1). Males of age group 35-55 year were more affected by Tuberculosis, (2). Diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, smoking were found to be common risk factors and out of which Diabetes mellitus shown highest prevalence. From this study we were able to find out that Diabetes mellitus was the most common risk factor among the Tuberculosis patient. Also middle aged men showed higher prevalence of tuberculosis.

Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB) is Kozhencherry tuberculosis.


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