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Abstract

VARIOUS TECHNIQUES FOR SOLUBILITY ENHANCEMENT: AN OVERVIEW

Youkesh Kumar*, Shashi Daksh and Dr. Kaushal K. Chandrul

ABSTRACT

Solubility is not to be confused with the ability to dissolve or liquefy a substance, since this process may occur not only because of dissolution but also because of a chemical reaction. Low aqueous solubility is the major problem encountered with formulation development of new chemical entities as well as for the generic development. Among all newly discovered chemical entities about 40% drugs are lipophilic and fail to reach therapeutic range due to their poor water solubility. Drug with poor water solubility cause slow dissolution rates, generally show erratic and incomplete absorption leading to low bioavailability when administered orally. This present review details about the different approaches used for the enhancement of the solubility of poorly water-soluble drugs include particle size reduction, nanonization pH adjustment, solid dispersion, complexation, co‚Äźsolvency, hydrotropy etc. The purpose of this article is to describe the techniques of solubilization for the attainment of effective absorption and improved bioavaility.

Keywords: Solubility Enhancement, bioavailability, Dissolution, solid dispersion, inclusion complexes.


[Full Text Article]

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