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  • AUGUST 2020 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 August 2020.

Abstract

A STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF ELECTROLYTE ABNORMALITIES AND ITS MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Amala T. A.*, Ahron Antony, Anfeersha C. P., Henna Maria C. F. and Sreeja P. A.

ABSTRACT

Fluid and electrolyte balance is the most important thing that maintain the normal homeostasis in human body. It have vital role in cell functioning, tissue perfusion and acid base balance. Electrolyte abnormalities are mostly present in all of the clinical disorders. So the correction and management of electrolyte disturbances is needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality of the patients. The present study was conducted in Karuna Medical College, Chittur, Palakkad in the inpatient department. The patients were selected on the basis of the serum sodium and potassium levels and categorised the patients into hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia. Hyponatremia was the most common electrolyte abnormality seen in the patients who were selected for our study. The electrolyte abnormality patients were treated by fluid therapy along with pharmacological treatment. Most of the patients with hyponatremia was treated with Inj. 3% Nacl. Correction of electrolytes in body is needed for the better treatment outcome so its important to manage all these conditions.

Keywords: Electrolytes, Electrolyte abnormalities, Hyponatremia, Nacl, KCL, T.Natrise.


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