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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTINUTRIENT CONSTITUENTS OF CASSAVA AND SWEET POTATO

S. Anbuselvi and T.Balamurugan

ABSTRACT

Manihot esculenta and Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam., are major industrial crop in Tamil nadu which are rich in antioxidants and lot of therapeutic application. The phytochemical components suchasalkaloids, saponin, tannins, steroids, anthocyanins, flavonoids and anthroquinones and biochemical constituents were extracted using different solvents namely ethylacetate, methanol, chloroform and acetone. Specific antinutrients are extracted more in methanol and ethyl acetate solvents other than ethanolic extract. The oxalate and trypsin inhibitors were highly observed in sweet potato. Phytate was found to be 235mg/100g of cassava. Cyanogenic glycosides and phlobatanins were only present in cassava and coumarin was extracted in sweet potato.

Keywords: sweet potato, cassava, antinutrients, phytochemicals.


[Full Text Article]

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